Gootkit Malware Continues to Evolve with New Parts and Obfuscations | Tech Do

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January 29, 2023ravie lakshmananCyber ​​Risk / Malware

Gootkit malware

Risk actors related to the Gootkit malware have made “notable adjustments” to their toolkit, including new parts and obfuscations to their an infection chains.

Mandiant, owned by Google, is monitoring the group of actions below the identify UNC2565noting that the usage of the malware is “unique to this group.”

Gootkit, additionally referred to as Gootloader, spreads through compromised web sites that victims are tricked into visiting when on the lookout for business-related paperwork, reminiscent of agreements and contracts, via a method referred to as search engine marketing (web optimization) poisoning. ).

The alleged paperwork take the type of ZIP information that home the JavaScript malware that, when launched, paves the way in which for added payloads reminiscent of Cobalt Strike Beacon, FONELAUNCH, and SNOWCONE.

FONELAUNCH is a .NET-based loader designed to load an encoded payload into reminiscence, and SNOWCONE is a downloader tasked with retrieving next-stage payloads, often IcedID, over HTTP.

Gootkit malware

Whereas Gootkit’s general targets haven’t modified, the assault script itself has obtained vital updates, through which the JavaScript file contained in the ZIP file is trojanized and comprises one other obfuscated JavaScript file, which consequently proceeds to execute the Gootkit. malware.

Gootkit malware

The brand new variant, which was detected by the risk intelligence agency in November 2022, is tracked as GOOTLOADER.POWERSHELL. It is value noting that the renewed an infection chain was additionally documented by Development Micro earlier this month, detailing Gootkit assaults focusing on the Australian healthcare sector.

Moreover, the malware authors are mentioned to have taken three totally different approaches to hiding Gootkit, together with hiding the code inside altered variations of reliable JavaScript libraries reminiscent of jQuery, Chroma.js, and Underscore.js, in an try to flee detection.

It is not simply Gootkit, as UNC2565 has used three totally different flavors of FONELAUNCH (FONELAUNCH.FAX, FONELAUNCH.PHONE, and FONELAUNCH.DIALTONE) since Might 2021 to run DLLs, .NET binaries, and PE information, indicating that The malware arsenal is repeatedly maintained and up to date.

“These adjustments illustrate the energetic improvement and progress of UNC2565’s capabilities,” mentioned Mandiant researchers Govand Sinjari and Andy Morales.

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Gootkit Malware Continues to Evolve with New Components and Obfuscations